A20 Promotes Ripoptosome Formation and TNFInduced Apoptosis via cIAPs Regulation and NIK Stabilization in Keratinocytes
Maria Feoktistova, Roman Makarov, Sihem Brenji, Anne T. Schneider, Guido J. Hooiveld, Tom Luedde, Martin Leverkus, Amir S. Yazdi, Diana Panayotova-Dimitrova
University Hospital Aachen
The ubiquitin-editing protein A20 (TNFAIP3) is a known key player in the regulation of immune responses in many organs. Genome-wide associated studies (GWASs) have linked A20 with a number of inflammatory and autoimmune disorders, including psoriasis. Here, we identified a previously unrecognized role of A20 as a pro-apoptotic factor in TNF-induced cell death in keratinocytes. This function of A20 is mediated via the NF-κB-dependent alteration of cIAP1/2 expression. The changes in cIAP1/2 protein levels promote NIK stabilization and subsequent activation of noncanonical NF-κB signaling. Upregulation of TRAF1 expression triggered by the noncanonical NF-κB signaling further enhances the NIK stabilization in an autocrine manner. Finally, stabilized NIK promotes the formation of the ripoptosome and the execution of cell death. Thus, our data demonstrate that A20 controls the execution of TNF-induced cell death on multiple levels in keratinocytes. This signaling mechanism might have important implications for the development of new therapeutic strategies for the treatment of A20-associated skin diseases.
Culture and spontaneous immortalization of murine keratinocytes