CBP/p300 antagonises EGFR-Ras-Erk signalling and suppresses increased Ras-Erk signalling-induced tumour formation in mice
Taeko Ichise, Nobuaki Yoshida, Hirotake Ichise
University of Tokyo
The Journal of Pathology
CREB-binding protein (CBP) and p300 have oncogenic properties; both co-operate with pro-oncogenic transcription factors downstream of Ras-Erk signalling to support cell proliferation. By contrast, missense, truncating and in-frame mutations of CBP/p300 are found frequently in some human cancers, including cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas that originate from epidermal keratinocytes. Data support that dysfunction of CBP/p300 contributes to keratinocyte hyperproliferation and tumorigenesis; however, the mechanism by which dysfunction of CBP/p300 affects keratinocytes is unknown. Here, we used mice harbouring keratinocyte-specific genetic modifications to examine the role of CBP/p300 in the epidermis. While a single copy of either Crebbp or Ep300 was necessary and sufficient for maintaining epidermal development, reduced expression of CBP/p300 strengthened the Ras-Erk signalling-induced hyperplastic phenotype of epidermal keratinocytes. Reduced CBP/p300 expression increased ligand-induced EGFR activity while decreasing basal expression of Mig6, a negative regulator of EGFR. A reduction in CBP/p300, in combination with increased Ras-Erk signalling, also promoted epidermal tumour formation in mice. Thus, our findings support that CBP/p300 acts as a tumour suppressor in epidermal keratinocytes by counteracting EGFR-Ras-Erk signalling.
Keratinocyte isolation and culture, 3D epidermal models